History of Jamaican Blue Mountain® Coffee
The Arabica species of coffee is believed to be the first species of coffee to be grown and is native to Southwest Arabia. Jamaican Blue Mountain® Coffee is derived from the Arabica species of coffee.
In the early 1700’s, Mathieu Gabriel De Clieu planted the first Arabica Coffee plant on the Caribbean island of Martinique. In the mid 1700’s, the Governor of Jamaica, Sir Nicholas Lawes, imported coffee beans and the first coffee plant from the island of Martinique, specifically the Arabica species of coffee.
The Arabica coffee plant was first planted and cultivated in the hills of St. Andrew and later expanded into the blue mountains. There was steady growth for over 50 years. In the late 1700’s until the early 1800’s cultivation was at it highest peak, but in the early 1800’s to the middle 1800’s the industry experienced many ups and downs.
In 1891, legislation was created to teach the proper way to cultivate and cure Blue Mountain coffee, but it was not until 1944 when such efforts were successful. In the mid 1940’s, the Jamaican government created the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica, which officially began in 1950.
Before any Jamaican blue mountain® coffee was exported, it must go through the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica, where it is cleaned, graded and inspected. In 1983, the duties of the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica changed. Now the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica must approve and issue licenses to the cultivators and exporters of Jamaica Blue Mountain® Coffee.
Jamaican blue mountain® coffee is harvested in the Blue Mountains in the country of Jamaica. The blue mountains are between Kingston and Port Maria on the island of Jamaica. The blue mountains of Jamaica are the highest mountains in the Caribbean, making them the ideal climate for coffee harvest. The weather is usually cool and misty with excessive rainfall, making the soil rich and fertile.
Blue Mountain Coffee is recognized for its mild flavor and lack of bitterness, which is highly credited to the regulation of the cultivation process. Blue mountain coffee contains less caffeine than any other commercially grown species of coffee and it takes about 7 years to mature. There are many blue mountain coffee lovers all over the world and the coffee is rare to find. Most people buy their blue mountain coffee online at competitive prices.
However, before purchasing Jamaican blue mountain® coffee online make sure the coffee you are buying is certified by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica. They closely monitor the growth and distribution of Jamaican Blue Mountain® Coffee. The regulations they have set forth is as follows:
Coffee harvested at 3000-5500 ft. would be certified as Jamaican Blue Mountain® Coffee.
Coffee harvested at 1500-3000 ft. would be certified as Jamaica High Mountain coffee.
Coffee harvested at 1500 ft. & under would be certified as Jamaica Supreme or Jamaica Low Mountain Coffee.